Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology

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Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District

Received: 11 December 2023    Accepted: 2 January 2024    Published: 5 February 2024
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Abstract

Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a legume crop grown primarily for its edible seeds (beans) and a major legume seed consumed by humans worldwide. So as boost its productivity, application of naturally symbiotic fertilizer is essential. Hence, the objective of this trial was to evaluate rhizobia naturally associated with faba bean for acidic soil. In order to deadline the mentioned goals, different nodule data and yield attributing traits were taken and evaluated based on standard procedure. Accordingly, the highest nodule number (151 per plant) were obtained when the faba bean were inoculated with rhizobia isolate FB-EM-05 in year 1 and 40.7 per plant were obtained when there were no any inoculations of Faba bean seed in year 2. Additionally the highest nodule dry weight 1.1 and 0.68 gram per plant were obtained when the faba bean isolate were inoculated with FB-EM-05 and FB-NS-03 respectively in 2019. The highest biomass per hectare 11111.11kg were obtained when the seeds treated with rhizobia isolates FB-NS-03. The highest grain yield 2883.69 kg per hectare were obtained from faba bean inoculated with isolate FB-NS-03 which increase the grain yield about 24.14 percent over the negative control in year 2019. However, the highest above ground biomass (4500 kg per hectare) among the rhizobia isolate was recorded from isolate FB-EM-02 and the highest grain yield was obtained from faba bean treated with isolate FB-EM-05 and yielded about 1532.3kg per hectare. Overall, the highest Faba bean grain yield was obtained when the seeds were treated with isolate FB-NS-03 account for the result of 2297 kilogram per hectare and will be used for biofertilizer production.

DOI 10.11648/fem.20241001.12
Published in Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology (Volume 10, Issue 1, April 2024)
Page(s) 6-11
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Biofertilizer, Fababean, Isolate, Nodule

References
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[2] Alemayehu, D., & Dechassa, N. (2022). Inoculating faba bean seed with rhizobium bacteria increases the yield of the crop and saves farmers from the cost of applying phosphorus fertilizer. International Journal of Plant Production, 16(2), 261-273.
[3] ANRS-BoFED. (2006). Frameworks and Approaches for the Developing World. Cabi, UK the Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Bureau of finance and economic development, 2005/06 get year Annual Statistical Bulletin.
[4] Bordeleau, L. M., & Prévost, D. (1994). Nodulation and nitrogen fixation in extreme environments. Plant and soil, 161, 115-125.
[5] Carranca, C. (2013). Legumes: Properties and symbiosis. Symbiosis: Evolution, Biology and Ecological Effects (Eds Camisão, AH y Pedroso, CC). Nova Science Publishers, New York, 67-94.
[6] Chimdi, A., Negasa, D., & Chala, G. (2022). Effects of Rhizobium Inoculation and P Fertilizer Levels on Selected Soil Properties, Yield, and Yield Components of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.): The Case of Abuna Gindeberat, West Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 2022.
[7] Fageria, N. K., & Baligar, V. C. (2008). Ameliorating soil acidity of tropical Oxisols by liming for sustainable crop production. Advances in agronomy, 99, 345-399.
[8] Fikadu, O. (2022). The response of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to different strains of rhizobium biofertilizer (Rhizobium leguminosarum) at Horro District, Western Oromia. Int J Appl Agric Sci, 8, 150-155.
[9] Gedamu, S. A., Tsegaye, E. A., & Beyene, T. F. (2021). Effect of rhizobial inoculants on yield and yield components of faba bean (Vicia fabae L.) on vertisol of Wereillu District, South Wollo, Ethiopia. CABI Agriculture and Bioscience, 2(1), 1-10.
[10] Ketema, P., & Tefera, T. (2022). Effectiveness of Rhizobium strains on faba bean (Vicia fabae L.) at Gumer district, highland area of Southern Ethiopia. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 12(1), 13-18.,
[11] Kutafo, A., & Alemneh, Y. (2020). Growth, nodulation and yield response of field-grown faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to Rhizobium inoculation in Tocha District, Southern Ethiopia. Agriculturaland Veterinary Sciences, 1.
[12] Kopke, U., & Nemecek, T. (2010). Ecological services of faba bean. Field crops research, 115(3), 217-233.
[13] Lishan, T., Alemu, W., Wondimu, W., & Mekonnen, G. (2022). Effects of bio-fertiliser and inter-row spacing on yield and yield components of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in south western Ethiopia. Tropical Agriculture, 99(3), 196-208.
[14] Mitiku, G., & Mnalku, A. (2019). Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Yield and yield components as influenced by inoculation with indigenous rhizobial isolates under acidic soil condition of the central highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 29(3), 49-61.
[15] Tadele, M. (2020). Impacts of soil acidity on growth performance of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and management options. Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, 8(4), 423-431.
[16] Woldekiros, B., Worku, W., & Abera, G. (2018). Response of Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to rhizobium inoculation, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers application at Alicho Wuriro Highland, Ethiopia. Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, 6(6), 343-350.
[17] Samudin, S., & Kuswantoro, H. (2018). Effect of Rhizobium inoculation to nodulation and growth of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] germplasm. Legume Research-An International Journal, 41(2), 303-310.
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[19] Jida, M., & Assefa, F. (2014). Effects of acidity on growth and symbiotic performance of rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae strains isolated from faba bean producing areas of Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 3(2), 26-33.
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    Bekele, M., Yilma, G. (2024). Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District. Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology, 10(1), 6-11. https://doi.org/10.11648/fem.20241001.12

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    ACS Style

    Bekele, M.; Yilma, G. Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District. Front. Environ. Microbiol. 2024, 10(1), 6-11. doi: 10.11648/fem.20241001.12

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    AMA Style

    Bekele M, Yilma G. Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District. Front Environ Microbiol. 2024;10(1):6-11. doi: 10.11648/fem.20241001.12

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  • @article{10.11648/fem.20241001.12,
      author = {Mamo Bekele and Getachew Yilma},
      title = {Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District},
      journal = {Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology},
      volume = {10},
      number = {1},
      pages = {6-11},
      doi = {10.11648/fem.20241001.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/fem.20241001.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.fem.20241001.12},
      abstract = {Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a legume crop grown primarily for its edible seeds (beans) and a major legume seed consumed by humans worldwide. So as boost its productivity, application of naturally symbiotic fertilizer is essential. Hence, the objective of this trial was to evaluate rhizobia naturally associated with faba bean for acidic soil. In order to deadline the mentioned goals, different nodule data and yield attributing traits were taken and evaluated based on standard procedure. Accordingly, the highest nodule number (151 per plant) were obtained when the faba bean were inoculated with rhizobia isolate FB-EM-05 in year 1 and 40.7 per plant were obtained when there were no any inoculations of Faba bean seed in year 2. Additionally the highest nodule dry weight 1.1 and 0.68 gram per plant were obtained when the faba bean isolate were inoculated with FB-EM-05 and FB-NS-03 respectively in 2019. The highest biomass per hectare 11111.11kg were obtained when the seeds treated with rhizobia isolates FB-NS-03. The highest grain yield 2883.69 kg per hectare were obtained from faba bean inoculated with isolate FB-NS-03 which increase the grain yield about 24.14 percent over the negative control in year 2019. However, the highest above ground biomass (4500 kg per hectare) among the rhizobia isolate was recorded from isolate FB-EM-02 and the highest grain yield was obtained from faba bean treated with isolate FB-EM-05 and yielded about 1532.3kg per hectare. Overall, the highest Faba bean grain yield was obtained when the seeds were treated with isolate FB-NS-03 account for the result of 2297 kilogram per hectare and will be used for biofertilizer production.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Evaluation of Rhizobial Strain of Faba Bean for Symbiotic Performance Grown in Acid-Prone Areas, Guagusa Shekudad District
    AU  - Mamo Bekele
    AU  - Getachew Yilma
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    T2  - Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology
    JF  - Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology
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    AB  - Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a legume crop grown primarily for its edible seeds (beans) and a major legume seed consumed by humans worldwide. So as boost its productivity, application of naturally symbiotic fertilizer is essential. Hence, the objective of this trial was to evaluate rhizobia naturally associated with faba bean for acidic soil. In order to deadline the mentioned goals, different nodule data and yield attributing traits were taken and evaluated based on standard procedure. Accordingly, the highest nodule number (151 per plant) were obtained when the faba bean were inoculated with rhizobia isolate FB-EM-05 in year 1 and 40.7 per plant were obtained when there were no any inoculations of Faba bean seed in year 2. Additionally the highest nodule dry weight 1.1 and 0.68 gram per plant were obtained when the faba bean isolate were inoculated with FB-EM-05 and FB-NS-03 respectively in 2019. The highest biomass per hectare 11111.11kg were obtained when the seeds treated with rhizobia isolates FB-NS-03. The highest grain yield 2883.69 kg per hectare were obtained from faba bean inoculated with isolate FB-NS-03 which increase the grain yield about 24.14 percent over the negative control in year 2019. However, the highest above ground biomass (4500 kg per hectare) among the rhizobia isolate was recorded from isolate FB-EM-02 and the highest grain yield was obtained from faba bean treated with isolate FB-EM-05 and yielded about 1532.3kg per hectare. Overall, the highest Faba bean grain yield was obtained when the seeds were treated with isolate FB-NS-03 account for the result of 2297 kilogram per hectare and will be used for biofertilizer production.
    
    VL  - 10
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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Fogera National Rice Research and Training Center, Wereta, Ethiopia

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